It’s World Penguin Day

Once again it’s April 25, and we at Penguin Place all know that April 25th is World Penguin Day.  About 20 years ago we found out from researchers from McMurdo Station in Antarctica that the 25th of April every year is when they noticed the Adelie penguins near their base would appear from the sea, returning on the same day each year from their annual northward migration.   Adelies will migrate away from Antarctica proper in the fall season and won’t return to their snowy colonies until the following spring (April 25th).  Each fall when the sun hits a certain angle low in the sky the Adelies en-mass dive into the frigid waters answering their nature’s call to migrate.  Although not a migration in the literal sense they will swim north a few hundred miles where they will stay among the floating icebergs that act as Adelie islands, feasting on krill and other penguin delicacies.

Penguin facts you should know on World Penguin Day:

Penguins are found in Antarctica, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Peru, the Falkland Islands, and the Galapagos Islands. Penguins are undoubtedly the world’s most popular bird – think of Happy Feet, March of the Penguins, Pingu and to name a few uses in popular culture. These charismatic flightless birds are funny to watch on land but are graceful and rapid in water. They occur only in the seas of the Southern hemisphere; there are seventeen species of penguin ranging from the Galapagos to Antarctica.

Volunteer Point on the Falkland Islands is the world’s largest accessible king penguin colony with 1000 pairs of breeding penguins.

Unlike many other penguins which get around obstacles by sliding on their bellies, Rockhoppers will try to jump over them as their name suggests. Rockhopper penguins are the smallest of the Falkland penguins and they come to the Falklands to breed on cliff tops in October. 70% of the world’s Rockhopper population is in the Falklands.

The macaroni penguin is probably the most abundant penguin species in the world; the estimated world population exceeds 11 million pairs.

The gentoo penguin is the third largest species of penguin after the emperor and king penguin.

Magellanic penguins ( named after Ferdinand Magellan) are also known in the Falklands as the jackass penguin because of their braying call. They arrive in September but leave in April to migrate as far as Brazil. They breed in underground burrows, up to 6 meters deep, providing effective protection from predators and the harsh weather.

The Galapagos Penguin is the only penguin specie that ventures north of the equator in the wild.

Penguins can drink sea water.

Penguins can dive to a depth of 1,850 feet (565 meters). Deeper than any other bird.

Penguins are good listeners. They can find a family member in a crowd of 80,000.

Penguins spend 75% of their life at sea.


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One Response to “It’s World Penguin Day”

  1. Hidden Penguin Cam Reveals The Secret World Of Penguins | Penguin Place Post Says:

    […] Antarctica. Scientists hope the results from the latest batch of photos published to coincide with World Penguin Day on April 25 will help them discover how climate change and human activity affect breeding and […]

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